Queensland

 

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Queensland: -20.917574, 142.702796

Queensland is Australia’s second largest state, located in the northeast of the country. It stretches almost two million square kilometres and is home to over five million people. It was named after Queen Victoria who formalised it as a separate colony in 1859 and it subsequently achieved statehood in 1901. Originally occupied by the Australian Aboriginals, the Dutch explored the coastline in 1606 and Lieutenant James Cook claimed it for Great Britain in 1770. A penal colony was established in 1824 until the end of penal transportation in 1839 and free settlement began in 1842. Much of today’s population is settled near the coast with the largest city being Brisbane.

Queensland’s early growth was fueled by gold rushes and the sugar cane industry. Recent times have seen growth in mining and tourism. In addition, the state produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, grain crops, wine, cotton and sugar cane.

Queensland is a place of natural beauty and referred to as the Sunshine State. Its beaches on the Sunshine Coast and Gold Coast are popular and it is home to six World Heritage preservation areas including fossil sites, rainforests and the Great Barrier Reef.

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