Lancashire

 

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Lancashire: 53.823354, -2.120361

Lancashire, commonly abbreviated to 'Lancs', is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the north west of England. It takes its name from the city of Lancaster and is sometimes known as the County of Lancaster. Although Lancaster is still considered to be the county town, Lancashire County Council is based in Preston. In 2011, Lancashire was ranked eighth largest county by population with 1,461,400 residents. People from the county are known as Lancastrians.

The history of Lancashire is thought to have begun with its founding in the twelfth century. In the Doomsday Book (1086), some of its lands had been treated as part of Yorkshire. The land that lay Inter Ripam et Mersam, “between the Ribble and Mersey”, formed part of the returns for Cheshire. Once its initial boundaries were established, it bordered Cumberland, Westmorland, Yorkshire and Cheshire.

Lancashire emerged during the Industrial Revolution as a major commercial and industrial region. The county encompassed several hundred mill towns and collieries. By the 1830s, approximately 85% of all cotton manufactured worldwide was processed in Lancashire. Preston, Accrington, Blackburn, Bolton, Rochdale, Oldham, Chorley, Darwen, Nelson, Colne, Burnley and Wigan were major cotton mill towns during this time. Blackpool was a major centre for tourism for the inhabitants of Lancashire’s mill towns, particularly during wakes week.

The following locations have registered studies: