Nottinghamshire

 

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Nottinghamshire: 53.128504, -0.903100

Nottinghamshire, or Notts, is a county situated in the East Midlands region of England, bordered by South Yorkshire to the north, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south and Derbyshire to the west. Although the city of Nottingham is best known as the county town, the County Council moved to West Bridgford in 1959 just south of the city. Over half of the people in the county live in the Greater Nottingham area.

Nottinghamshire has many features of historic interest. Excavations at Creswell Craggs near Worksop provide evidence of continuous human habitation from 40,000 - 28,000 BC. The Roman Fosse Way passes through the county and the Anglo Saxons established the fortified borough of Snotengaham, meaning the ‘ham’ of the people of Snot. It was up to the Normans to drop the ‘S’ which led to today’s Nottingham. The Normans also contributed castles and defensive works at Nottingham and Newark. At about the time of Domesday in 1086, Sherwood Forest of Robin Hood fame was protected for the hunting pleasure of the Norman Kings. In the 1500s, the villages of Babworth and Scrooby gave rise to the Pilgrims who set sail for the New World aboard the Mayflower in 1620.

In medieval times, Nottinghamshire was predominantly agricultural, practicing an ‘open field’ system of farming which continued until the common lands were enclosed in the eighteenth century. The small village of Laxton continues traditions with the last remaining open field system in the United Kingdom. Industry has also always had a place in the county’s economic heritage, the stocking frame invented in Calverton in 1589 giving rise to a lace industry of thousands of Nottingham framework knitters by the 1700s. The lace industry increased dramatically in the 1800s as did the coal mining industry well known to this area. More recently, Nottinghamshire’s own Jesse Boots founded Boots Pharmaceuticals and became a great benefactor of the city.

Some very interesting resources for the county can be found online. For example, there is much to explore at Nottinghamshire History: Resources for Local Historians and Genealogists. Also, a substantial collection is being accumulated at Our Nottinghamshire: A Community History Website which invites visitors to add their own stories and pages to the site.

Sorry, there are no studies in this county/state.

If you are a member of the society, you can register a new study here